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The Timeline of Paul’s Ministry (Study aid)



The Timeline of Paul’s Ministry

(Useful for orientating oneself in Paul’s time when studying Acts and Paul’s Epistles)

YEAR

AD

Approx.

CHURCH

EVENT

N.T. BOOK WRITTEN

5

·    Paul - Born—an Israelite—in Tarsus of Cilicia (Acts 22:3; Phil 3:5)

·    A Roman citizen by birthright (Acts 22:28)

 

15-20

·    At the school of Gamaliel, Jerusalem (Acts 22:3)

 

30

·    Jesus Death, Resurrection, Ascension

·    Day of Pentecost in Acts 2

31

·    Peter heals crippled man in temple (Ac.3)

·    Peter and John arrested by Sanhedrin (Ac.2)

32

·    Joseph, a Levite from Cyprus (Barnabas) sells a field (Ac.4:36)

·    Ananias and Sapphira Die

·    The Jerusalem church meets by the temple in Solomon’s Colonnade (Porch) (Ac.5:12)

·    Apostles perform many miracles

·    Apostles arrested but released by angel

33

·    Seven deacons chosen (Ac. 6)

·    Church is growing rapidly (Ac.6:7)

·    A large number of priests believe (Ac.6:7)

34

·    Saul arrives in Jerusalem

·    Stephen debates Jews coming from Cyrene, Cilicia (i.e. Saul), Alexandria (Ac.6:9)

·    Stephen arrested by Sanhedrin (Ac.6:12)

·    Stephen stoned (Ac.7:59, 8:1)

·    Saul persecutes the church in Jerusalem (Acts 8:1-3; Phil 3:6)

·    Philip goes to Samaria (Ac.8:4)

·    Philip meets Ethiopian Treasurer (Ac.8:26)

 

Israel’s last chance at repentance

35

·    Saul converted on road to Damascus (Ac.9:1)

·    Saul is in Damascus (Acts 9:10-19)

·    Saul leaves for Arabia (Gal.1:17)

Israel blinded!

The time of the Gentiles begins

36

·    Saul is in Arabia

37

·    Saul is in Arabia

38

·    Saul returns to preach in Damascus (Gal 1:17; Acts 9:20-25; 2 Cor 11:32-33)

·    Saul’s life is threatened (Ac.9:23)

·    Saul escapes to Jerusalem (Acts 9:26-29; Gal 1:18)

·    Barnabas introduces Saul to disciples

·    Saul stays with Peter 15 days (Gal.1:18-19)

·    Saul debates Grecian Jews (Ac.9:29)

·    Saul flees to Tarsus in Cilicia (Ac.9:29,30)

39

·    Saul preaches in Cilicia and Syria for
five years (Gal.1:21)

·    Persecution has ceased in Jerusalem

·    Jerusalem church continues to grow
(Ac.9:31)

·    Peter travels Judean Countryside (Ac.9:32)

·    Peter heals Aeneas in Lydda (Ac.9:33)

·    Peter raises Tabitha in Joppa (Ac.9:36)

·    Peter called to Caesarea by Cornelius (A.10)

40

·    Peter has to defend having preached in a Gentile house to the church leaders in Jerusalem. (Ac.11)

·    Missionaries from Cyrene in North Africa
come to Antioch in Syria and preach to
the Gentiles (Ac.11:20)

·    Saul is preaching in Cilicia and Syria

41

·    Saul is preaching in Cilicia and Syria

·    Jerusalem expands the city walls which places the site of the crucifixion inside the city

42

·    Saul is preaching in Cilicia and Syria

·    Barnabas is sent to visit the church in
Antioch by the Jerusalem church (Ac.11:22)

43

·    Saul is preaching in Cilicia and Syria
Barnabas leaves Antioch to look for Saul
in Tarsus (Ac.11:25)

·    Barnabas brings Saul back to teach in the
church in Antioch in Syria (Ac.11:26)

·    Saul teaches in Antioch for a year (Ac.11:26) Believers are first called “Christians”

44

·    Agabus, a prophet from Jerusalem,
visits Antioch church

·    Agabus prophesies a famine (Acts 11:27, 28)

·    Antioch church sends Paul and Barnabas
to Jerusalem with an aid offering (11:29,30)

·    James is beheaded by Herod Agrippa I

·    Peter is arrested but an angel releases him

·    Herod Agrippa I dies in Caesarea (12:18)

45

·    Paul and Barnabas return to Antioch (Acts 11:26)

·    John Mark leaves Jerusalem to go
to Antioch with Paul and Barnabas

- James writes
James
from Jerusalem

- Saul changes his name to Paul

46

·    Paul and Barnabas leave for
first missionary journey

47

·    Peter has come to Antioch in Syria
(Gal.2:11)

·    Paul travels in Galatia to Antioch in
Pisidia, Iconium, (Acts 13:14-50)

·    Flees to Lystra and Derbe (Acts 14:6-7)

·    In Lystra Paul and Barnabas are mistaken for gods (Acts 14:8-18)

·    Stoned at Lystra, supposed to be dead, but re-enters the city (Acts 14:19-20)

·    They return to Lystra, Iconium, and Antioch to strengthen disciples and appoint elders (Acts 14:21-24)

·    From Pisidia, they returned to Antioch of Syria and reported their journey to the church (Acts 14:24-28)

·    James sends Jews from Jerusalem
to Antioch (Gal.2:12)

·    Judaizers confuse the Antioch church

48

·    Paul returns through the same cities
and sails back to Antioch

·    Peter and Barnabas are led astray by
Judaizers from Jerusalem (G.2:13)

·    Paul opposes Peter and the Judaizers
(Gal.2:14)

·    To resolve the conflict of Judaism &
Christianity the Jerusalem Council
is held (Acts 15; Gal.2:1-10)

·    Paul goes to Jerusalem Council

·    Judas and Silas are chosen by the
apostles to return to Jerusalem
Paul and Barnabas (Ac.15:22)


49

·    Paul teaches in Antioch (Acts 15:30-35; Galatians 2:11-14)

·    Paul writes to the Galatians against the
Judaizers who have gone there

·    Paul and Barnabas argue over John Mark and separate (Acts 15:36-39)

·    Paul leaves on second missionary
journey through Galatia to Troas

Paul writes
Galatians from

Antioch in Syria?

(South Galatia)

50

·    In Troas (ancient Troy), Paul sees a
vision of a Macedonian man

·    Paul goes to Macedonia (Ac.16:6-10)

·    They sail from Troas to Neapolis (Acts 16:11)

·    To Philippi where Paul meets Lydia (Acts 16:12-15)

·    Paul and Silas imprisoned in Philippi after casting out a demon from a slave girl (Acts 16:16-25)

·    Prison doors opened miraculously and the jailer saved (Acts 16:25-34)

·    Paul preaches in Thessalonica, starts
a church and a riot (Ac.17:1-9)

·    Paul goes to Berea but flees to Athens
(Ac.17:1015)

·    Paul arrives in Athens alone, preaches
in the streets, is invited to present
at the Areopagus in Athens (17:19)

·    In the fall, Paul goes to Corinth alone
without money and gets a job (18:1-4)

51

·    Silas and Timothy bring an offering
and a letter from Macedonia (18:5)

·    Paul responds to Thessalonians with a
a letter, First Thessalonians

·    Paul stays in Corinth, starts Corinthian
church, appears before Gallio (18:12)

Paul writes
First Thessalonians

from Corinth

52

·    Paul writes Second Thessalonians in
response to questions from
Thessalonica.

·    Paul leaves Corinth in the spring
and sails for Ephesus.

·    Paul reasoned in the synagogue and left
Aquila and Priscilla in Ephesus (18:19)

·    Paul sails to Jerusalem, greets the church
there and returns to Antioch, Syria

Paul writes
Second Thessalonians
from Corinth

53

·    Paul spends time in Antioch.

·    Paul begins third missionary journey traveling through Galatia and Phrygia

·    In Ephesus, Aquila and Priscilla explain the
gospel to Apollos (18:24-26)

·    Apollos goes to Corinth (18:27)

·    Paul arrives in Ephesus

·    Paul stays in Ephesus for three years

·    Paul teaches daily the lecture hall of Tyrannus for two years. (19:9)

Paul writes
Galatians from

Antioch in Syria?

(North Galatia)

54

·    Paul is in Ephesus all year (Acts 19)

·    Paul sends Timothy into Macedonia (Acts 19:22)

55

·    Paul writes the Corinthians his first of four letters (not 1 Corinthians) mentioned in 1 Co.5:9. In this letter Paul instructs them to collect money for the Jerusalem saints. (1 Cor.16:1) An offering for the Jerusalem believers is started and in year Paul will speak of this offering in his letter called Second Corinthians (2 Co.8:10)

·    A delegation from the Corinthian church arrives in Ephesus with problems and questions.

·    Paul writes First Corinthians in Ephesus and sends it to Corinth.  (This is his second letter to Corinth.)

·    Paul follows this letter with a quick visit directly across the Aegean Sea from Ephesus to Corinth and back. (2 Cor. 2:1) This would have been his second visit to Corinth (2 Cor.12:14; 13:1,2)

·    Paul writes a third letter (which we do not have) in Ephesus and sends it to Corinth. (2 Cor.2:3,4; 7:8,9,12) Titus carries this letter and stays to fix the church. (2 Cor.7:15, 13,14)

Paul writes
First
Corinthians

from Ephesus

 

 

The gospel of Mark is written any time between 55-65 A.D.

 

 

56

·    In the fall Paul leaves Ephesus for Corinth and goes through Troas and into Macedonia

·    While Paul is traveling through Macedonia he meets Titus who has left Corinth to return
to Ephesus (2 Cor.7:5,6)

·    In Macedonia Paul writes his fourth letter
to the Corinthians known as Second Corinthians (2 Co.2:13; 7:5)

·    Titus and Luke are sent back to Corinth with
the letter Second Corinthians
(2 Cor.8:17,18)

·    Paul follows them into Corinth to spend the winter in Corinth

Paul writes
Second
Corinthians

from
Macedonia

57

·    In the spring, Paul writes to the Roman church from Corinth and sends the letter of Romans with a delegation of people led by Phoebe to Rome. (Rom.16:1)

·    Paul plans to sail to Syria from Cenchea but the Jews planned to kill him so he went by land up through Macedonia and down past Ephesus (Acts 20:3-6)

·    Paul arrives in Jerusalem (Acts 21:17)

·    Paul is arrested at the temple (Acts 21:27)

·    Addresses the mob (Acts 21:37 - 22:21)

·    Paul's citizenship saves him from scourging (Acts 22:22-29)

·    Paul is placed in prison in Jerusalem at Fort Antonia (21:37; 22:24) and appears before the Sanhedrin (Acts 22:30 - 23:10)

·    Jesus tells Paul that he will bear witness of him in Rome (Acts 23:11)

·    The plot against Paul's life (Acts 23:12-22)

·    Sent safely to Felix the governor (Acts 23:23-35)

·    Jews plan to kill Paul so Paul is transferred to Caesarea (Acts 23:23)

·    Paul is in prison in Caesarea for two years (Acts 24:27)

·    Paul appears before Felix (Acts 24)

·    The book of Hebrews is written by an
unknown author.

Paul writes
Romans
from Corinth

 

 











The book of Hebrews is written by an unknown author from an unknown location. (Possibly earlier by Paul, or else Barnabas or Apollos from Corinth or Ephesus)


58

·    Paul in prison in Caesarea

59

·    Paul in prison in Caesarea

·    Paul appears before Festus and King Herod Agrippa II (Acts 25,26)

·    Paul appeals to Caesar in Rome (25:11) so Paul is sent to Rome by Festus (25:12) and Agrippa (26:32)

·    In an attempt to beat the coming winter a ship of prisoners leaves for Rome (Acts 27)

·    Paul advised the commanding centurion, Julius, to harbor at Fair Havens on Crete but they decided to go onto Phoenix.  The ship was blown off course out into the Mediterranean Sea and crashed near Malta. (Acts 27:9-28:10)

60

·    Paul arrives in Rome and is allowed to live by himself with a Roman soldier to guard him (Acts 28:16)

Paul writes
Ephesians
from Roman
imprisonment

The gospel of Luke is written approx. at this time.

61

·    Paul continues in Rome under house arrest.

Paul writes
Philippians
from Roman
imprisonment

62

·    Paul continues in Rome under house arrest

·    Peter comes to Rome and writes First Peter

 

 

·    Paul is released from Roman imprisonment.

·    Paul either leaves for Spain or first visits Philippi and Corinth along with other churches in Achaia and Macedonia.

 

 

·    Paul writes Timothy a letter.  Timothy is in Ephesus and Paul may have written it from Macedonia.

 

·    Paul leaves for Spain

Paul writes
Colossians

and

Philemon
from Roman
imprisonment

Peter writes
First Peter
from Rome

 

Paul writes
First Timothy
from Macedonia

 

Acts Earliest Date 62 A.D. ??

63

·    James, the Lord’s brother, is martyred in
Jerusalem.

·    Paul is in Spain

64

·    Paul is in Spain

·    Peter writes Second Peter from Rome

·    Peter is martyred in Rome

·    Paul returns from Spain to Crete.

·    Paul leaves Titus at Crete (Titus 1:5)

·    Paul goes to Corinth and writes Titus
the epistle called Titus

·    Paul spends the winter in Neapolis
(Titus 3:12)

Peter writes
Second Peter
from Rome

 

Paul writes
Titus
from Corinth

65

·    Paul travels through Macedonia and Asia

66

·    Paul probably spends time in Colosse,
Ephesus, Miletus

67

·    Paul leaves Asia for Macedonia but is
arrested in Troas and taken to Rome

·    While in prison in Rome Paul writes to
Timothy in Ephesus the letter
called Second Timothy

·    Paul is possibly executed by Nero
in the fall or in the spring of 68

Paul writes
Second
Timothy

from Roman
Prison

68

·    Paul is executed by Nero on the Ostian Way or the road from Rome to Ostia.

Another possible date for Hebrews??

69

·    Ignatius (35-110) becomes bishop in
Antioch, Syria.  Knew Peter and Paul.

70

·    July 1, Titus assaults Jerusalem’s walls
battering rams

·    August 8, Fort Antonia is destroyed

·    August 29, Rome’s 10th Legion burns the
temple in Jerusalem after a
nine-month siege of the city

·    Josephus records that Rome took 50 tons
of gold and silver from Jerusalem

71

·    Emperor Vespasian and his son General
Titus enter Rome and parade through
the streets with the plundered treasure
from Jerusalem.

·    The Jerusalem gold is used to finance the
building of the Colosseum in Rome.  The
Colosseum will open in 80 AD

72

·    -

73

·    -

85

·    Polycarp (69-155) is bishop of the church
in Smyrna.

John writes the gospel of
John

in Ephesus

 

John writes

1, 2, 3 John

in Ephesus

88

·    Clement (30? -100) is bishop of the church in
Rome.

·    Clement worked alongside of Paul
around 57-62 AD (Phil.4:3)

94

·    John sent to the Isle of Patmos by Emperor
Domitian

Gospel of John

94 A.D. ??

95

·    John on the Isle of Patmos

·    Papias (60-135) is bishop of Hierapolis in Asia

96

·    John receives the book of Revelation while
on the Isle of Patmos and sends it to the
seven churches of Asia

·    Domitian dies and the new emperor, Nerva,
releases Domitian’s political enemies

·    John is released from Patmos and returns
to Ephesus

John writes

Revelation

on Patmos

97

·    Clement, bishop of Rome, writes an epistle to
the church of Corinth, First Clement

98

·    The last apostle of Jesus, John, dies of
natural causes in Ephesus